LEVEL Five - FUNCTIONAL TURNS
THE CORE PURPOSE OF PERFORMING A CUTBACK IS ALWAYS TO GET BACK TO THE POWEr SOURCE OF The WAVE.
THE CUTBACK CAN APPEAR TO BE A COMPLEX MANOEUVRE WITH COUNTLESS VARIATIONS, HOWEVER THE BASE ELEMENTS REMAIN THE SAME.
While the IMPOrtance of the forehand cutback is often overlooked, The cutback can be a very dynamic manoeuvre. Correct execution will see a surfer exit with speed in a critical part of the wave, Increasing the opportunity to Follow it with a major turn in the pockeT.
GET LOW - COMPRESS BY Bending at the knees, aiming to sit into an 'invisible chair'.
'T SHAPE' - REQUIRES BOTH ARMS TO BE OPENED OUT FROM THE BODY, MAKING A 'T' SHAPE. THE FINAL ELEMENT IS A TWIST OF THE TORSO TO HAVE THE CHEST POINTING TOWARDS THE NOSE.
LOOK WHERE YOU WANT TO GO - A common error in cutbacks is the surfer failing to turn their head back towards the whitewater.
WITH PRESSURE ON YOUR HEEL RAIL, SITTING DEEP INTO THE LOW COMPRESSED INVISIBLE CHAIR , ARMS IN THE T SHAPE, THE CHALLENGE IS TO HOLD THIS POSITION FOR THE ENTIRETY OF THE CUTBACK.
Keywords for success:
T-SHAPE AND TWIST - OPENING YOUR CHEST TOWARDS YOUR NOSE ALLOWING YOU TO LOOK WHERE YOU WANT TO GO.
INVISIBLE CHAIR - COMPRESSING AT THE KNEES, NOT BENDING AT THE WAIST.
HOLD - INCREASES DRIVE THROUGH THE THE TURN, ALSO ALLOWS YOU TO EXIT CENTRED AND WITH SPEED.
THE CORE PURPOSE OF PERFORMING A THE Backhand CUTBACK IS ALWAYS TO GET BACK TO THE POWEr SOURCE OF The WAVE.
THE BACK ARM IS TO REACH DOWN TOWARDS THE WAVE FACE THE BEGINNING OF THE CUTBACK, AT THE SAME TIME, PRESSURE IS TO BE APPLIED TO THE TOE SIDE RAIL.
BENDING FROM THE KNEES, ENTER A LOW COMPRESSED POSITION.
EYES ARE TO BE FOCUSED ON WHERE YOU WANT TO GO.
THE KEY TO THE BACKHAND CUTBACK IS TO HOLD THIS LOW, STRONG POSITION WITH THE BACK ARM STILL REACHING TOWARDS THE WAVE FACE. HOLDING THROUGH THIS PHASE WILL HAVE YOU GAIN SPEED AS YOUR BOARD DRIVES ON THE TOE RAIL.
ON EXIT OF THE BOTTOM TURN, EXTEND THROUGH THE LEGS.
The backhand cutback is often cut short of the true power source of the wave, resulting in a surfer not capitalising on all the speed AVAILABLE IN THIS AREA.
Keywords for succeSS
BACK ARM REACHING - Down toward the wave face.
COMPRESS AND HOLD - Compress AT THE KNEES, loadING UP YOUR BODY LIKE A SPRING.
LOOK WHERE YOU WANT TO GO - Back to the wash, not down the line.
FOREHAND FACE SNAP
The Forehand FACE snap is IDEAL for A section THAT IS too flat for a re-entry and too steep for a cutback.
It Is a rounD, on rail turn out of the pocket, PERFORMED in the top Third of the wave.
THE FOREHAND FACE SNAP, WHEN DONE WELL IS A MAJOR MANOEUVRE for two key reasons; It is FAST and throws spray.
It is a critical turn for all surfers to have as it is very commonly used. Morst importantly, it is a turn that can set up the remainder of the ride when a surfer exits at high speed.
THE KEY ELEMENTS OF THE FOREHAND FACE SNAP are:
APPROACH, a surfer must perform a committed bottom turn to maximise speed and control INTO THE TUrn.
WHILE STILL CLIMBING THE WAVE FACe, THE HEEL SIDE RAIL IS ENGAGED WHILE THE CHEst, head and shoulders all open and rotate towards the beach.
DOMINANT back foot pressure is ESSENTIAL to a tight face snap radius.
THE BACK ARM IS KEY, it must drive the turn BY leading the direction of the nose of the surfboard, working around to 3 O'Clock for Natural footers and 9 O'Clock for Goofys.
ON EXit, the front arm raises To 12 O'Clock, creating lift and speed out of the manoeuvre.
Keywords for success:
TURN ON RAIL - Aim for the surfboard to turn on its rail when turning off the top
BACK FOOT PRESSURE - Make sure pressure is on your back foot and back arm moves around the body
COMPLETE TURN IN TOP 3RD - Aim to complete turn in the top 3rd of the wave face
ARMS - Drive with the back arm, exit with front arm at 12 O'Clock
BACKHAND FACE SNAP
The BACKHAND FACE snap is IDEAL for A section THAT IS too flat for a re-entry and too steep for a cutback.
It Is a rounD, on rail turn out of the pocket out in the top Third of the wave.
THE BACKHAND FACE SNAP, WHEN DONE WELL IS A MAJOR MANOEUVRE for two key reasons; It is FAST and throws spray.
It is a critical turn for all surfers to have as it is very commonly used. Morst importaNTly, it is a turn that can set up the remainder of the ride when a surfer exits at high speed.
THE KEY ELEMENTS OF THE BACKHAND FACE SNAP are:
APPROACH, a surfer must perform a committed bottom turn to maximise speed and control INTO THE TUrn. In soft conditions, a shallow bottom turn can be used to maximise speed through the snap.
On exit of the bottom turn, the front arm needs raise up towards where the turn is to be started.
WHILE STILL CLIMBING THE WAVE FACe, THE toe SIDE RAIL IS ENGAGED WHILE THE CHEst, head and shoulders all open and rotate towards the beach.
IT is critical that THE head ROTATES, with eyes looking either to the base of the wave, or back to the bottom corner of the white water.
DOMINANT back foot pressure is key to a tight face snap radius.
Keywords for success:
LOOK FOR FOAM - Turn head to look to the bottom corner of the foam.
FOOT PRESSURE - Hold pressure on back foot and toe side.
HIGH AND TIGHT - Make sure you the backhand face snap starts high in the wave face, tight to the pocket for maximum impact.